The MENA region has complex drivers of radicalisation, and adopting an understanding of VE and radicalisation that takes into consideration the role of social contexts and the relationship between ideology and context is essential.
Multi-level marginalisation (economic, social and political) is at the heart of social and political grievances that can be found in most of the social contexts studied. These contexts have in common high rates of underemployment, lack of political representation and poor access to social services. In this framework, transnational drivers, which have been highlighted as central in the macro-level reports, appear as only activated when intersected with real and long-standing feelings of frustration and anger.
Read the full report on “Meso approaches to the study of radicalisation and violent extremism: a view from the MENA region” by downloading the PDF.