MENA: Regional Perspectives on Radicalisation and Violent Extremism

Dr. Eya Jrad
Member of the scientific advisory committee of the CONNEKT project at JFRC
Tasnim Chirchi
Director, Jasmine Foundation for Research and Communication
31 March 2021

Despite the number of studies and initiatives carried out in the Prevention and Countering Violent Extremism (P/CVE) field by researchers, specialists, civil society organisations, research institutes and security services, understanding the phenomena of radicalisation and violent extremism and their drivers remains a very complex endeavour.

This report is an attempt to better understand the phenomena of radicalisation and violent extremism through a comparative perspective in the MENA region. It examines the current state of play of counter-terrorism and P/CVE research and responses in four countries in the Middle East and North Africa region and formulates a list of policy recommendations for the design of more effective policies and responses.  It covers four selected countries from the region: Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, and Tunisia.

This regional report compiles and compares these four country reports based on desk research.  While the origins of radicalisation and VE can be traced back over a long period, the current report focuses on the latest regional developments after the 2011 Arab uprisings. The report analyses key trends and developments in VE in the region before advancing to an examination of the national and regional policies and institutional frameworks put in place to prevent and counter-radicalisation and VE. The report concludes with recommendations aimed at achieving more effective responses to these phenomena.

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