|Violent Extremism

Policy Paper on Countering and Preventing Macro-Level Drivers of Radicalisation and Violent Extremism in MENA and Balkans

17 October 2022

This paper aims to provide practical and useful policy recommendations for countering radicalisation and VE, addressing seven hypothetical drivers deemed to be prompting youth into VE, which are: religion, economic deprivation, territorial inequalities, transnational dynamics, digital socialisation, political issues (ideas and grievances), and culture, educational and leisure opportunities. Recommendations derive from a previous cross-regional comparative reading of empirical research findings, semi-structured and in-depth interviews with over 118 representatives of State and non-state institutions in 8 countries—Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, Jordan, North Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo and Bulgaria—, with the intention of mapping how state and supra-state agencies approach VE, as well as understanding to what extent institutional dynamics foster change in VE processes, echoing a New Institutionalist theoretical approach (Immergut, 1998).

Views of stakeholders participating in the macro-level research are particularly relevant as their authority is more centralised and play the most prominent role in decision-making as policies emanate from them. Thus, the strength and commitment shown by institutions have a direct impact on the success of any programme (Ibid, 1998). The macro-level research of CONNEKT involved policy agencies in charge of compliance with P/CVE regulations; state institutions and government bodies including ministerial departmental stances; security and intelligence services, in charge of sectoral policies, legislation and regulations; and finally international organisations.

Both this paper and previous research have been conducted within the frame of the EU-funded H2020 Project CONNEKT (CONtexts of extremism iN mEna and balKan socieTies) that explores the drivers of radicalisation and violent extremism among young people aged from 12 to 30, mapping and establishing interrelationships and specific significance of seven potential drivers within three different levels of analysis in order to create strategies for prevention at the community level.

Related Publications

05/2024 |
Prevention Measures against Violent Extremism and Radicalisation in the MENA and Balkans [+]
05/2024 |
Prevention Guidelines for Local Authorities in the MENA and the Balkans [+]
05/2024 |
MOROCCO - Country Paper on Micro-Level Drivers [+]