Country Report

Country Reports on National Approaches to Extremism. Framing Violent Extremism in the MENA region and the Balkans

Corinne Torrekens
Professor and PhD in social and political sciences at Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)
Daphné de le Vingne
PhD Candidate - ULB. GERME
20 December 2020

This publication describes the national structural and contextual approaches and strategies towards radicalisation and violent extremism in Egypt, Jordan, Tunisia, Morocco, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, North Macedonia and Bulgaria.

The report also assesses the weight of socio-political drivers in current approaches to radicalisation and violent extremism in the MENA region and the Balkans, particularly towards young people. It also explores how a socially-rooted approach might fit into the current dominant paradigm of P/CVE in these regions.

The 8 country reports in this publication set out valuable data, figures and information regarding violent extremism in their specific contexts, and provide a brief overview of the main policies, strategies and initiatives regarding P/CVE in each country. Moreover, they also identify the most relevant stakeholders in the field, both as source and target of such past and current visions and actions.

Up to 18 contributors from the Balkans and the MENA countries have worked in this document. Corinne Torrekens and Daphné de le Vingne (both from the Université Libre de Bruxelles) are the editors.

This publication constitutes a new step of the CONNEKT project to analyse and establish patterns of difference and commonalities between MENA and Balkan countries and also across regions. More prominently, it will shed some light on the impact of the international securitisation paradigm in the regions under study.


(The 8 national country reports forming part of this publication have also been uploaded separately on this website with a view to making it more user-friendly for readers interested in specific countries)

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